As a rule, the appearance of cardiac abnormalities is accompanied by bradycardia, tachycardia, extrasystole, and atrial fibrillation. Early signs of cardiovascular system abnormalities can easily be confused with other diseases, but alarming symptoms should not be ignored. With urgent examination, lifestyle adjustments, and correct treatment, serious complications, disability, and death can be prevented.
Specialists at CBS have reliable and up-to-date tools for making diagnoses and selecting effective treatment.
At an appointment with a cardiologist, you should state:
- the time of the first appearance of signs of ill health;
- circumstances in which symptoms are most severe;
- medications or other treatments used;
- diagnostic measures carried out (take the results of previous tests and instrumental examinations);
- existing allergic reactions;
- bad habits, etc.
Particular attention is given to the initial diagnosis. The cardiologist examines the mucous membranes of the mouth, the sclera of the eyes, the chest area, the skin, and palpation to determine the intensity and amplitude of the heartbeat. Percussion assesses the size of the heart, lungs, and other organs, identifying abnormalities. Auscultation helps you listen for tones in the heart and vessels, and measure the heart rate.
After examination and collection of anamnesis, the cardiologist individually selects diagnostic methods that are relevant in a particular clinical case.